LEONTOPOLIS

LEONTOPOLIS, locality in the district of Heliopolis in Egypt, N.E. of memphis , 6 mi. (10 km.) N. of Cairo. A settlement   of Jewish soldiers was established in Leontopolis under the leadership of the former high priest, onias , IV sometime after the outbreak of the Maccabean revolt, in the middle of the second century B.C.E., with the approval of Ptolemy Philometer and his wife Cleopatra (Jos., Ant., 13:62ff.). Its nucleus was made up of emigrants from Judea. The Jewish soldiers of the region subsequently played a role in the political life of Egypt and the area was also called "the land of Onias." Onias erected here a temple to the God of Israel by restoring a ruined Egyptian temple which stood on the site. This temple served the Jewish inhabitants of the region for more than 200 years until it was closed down by the Romans in 73 C.E. (Wars, 7:433–646). The present name of the locality, Tell al-Yahūdiyya, is a survival from this ancient Jewish settlement. In archaeological excavations, Jewish inscriptions were found there. Some wish to associate the "Camp of the Jews" mentioned by Josephus (Ant., 14:133), and also the Castra Judaeorum mentioned in the Byzantine era, with this region. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Tcherikover, Corpus, 1 (1957), 44–46; idem, Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews (1959), 278–9; Delcor, in: RB, 75 (1968), 188–205; Rapaport, in: Revue de Philologie, 43 (1969), 80–81. (Uriel Rappaport)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leontopolis — Léontopolis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Léontopolis (homonymie). Article de la série Lieux égyptiens Lieux Nomes / Villes Monuments / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leontopolis — • A titular archiepiscopal see of Augustamnica Secunda Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Leontopolis     Leontopolis     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Leontopolis — (griechisch Λεόντων πόλις) war der Name mehrerer Orte in der Antike: Stadt in Ägypten mit jüdischem Tempel des Onias, heute Tell el Yahudiya, 20 km nördlich von Heliopolis Leontopolis in Augustamnica, auf einen Bischofssitz in dieser Stadt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leontopŏlis — (Löwenstadt, a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt im Delta (Ägypten), Hauptstadt des Leontopolites nomos. Hier baute 180 v. Chr. der zu Ptolemäos Philometor geflüchtete Hohepriester Onias IV. einen, dem zu Jerusalem ähnlichen Tempel, welchen Kaiser Vespasian… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leontopŏlis — Leontopŏlis, Hauptort eines Nomos in Ägypten. Hier baute 160 v. Chr. der geflüchtete Hohepriester Onias IV. einen Tempel, ähnlich dem zu Jerusalem, den Vespasian schließen ließ. Heute Tell el Jehûdîe bei Schibin el Kanatir, nördlich von Kairo …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • LEONTOPOLIS — Phoeniciae urbs, Strab. Aegypti opp. Ptol. intra Deltam, Busiridi proximum: Est et Isautiae et Hellesponti urbs, et Bithyniae, Episcopal. sub Archiep. Helenopolitano. Curt Suppl. l. 1. c. 1 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Léontopolis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Léontopolis (homonymie). Léontopolis Ville d Égypte antique Noms en égyptien ancien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leontopolis — This article is about the large ancient city of Lower Egypt; for other uses of Leontopolis, see Leontopolis (disambiguation) Leontopolis (Greek: polytonic|Λεόντων πόλις [Ptol. iv. 5. § 51, Strabo xvii. pp. 802, 812] ) or Leonto (polytonic|Λεοντώ… …   Wikipedia

  • Leontópolis — Para otros usos de este término, véase Leontópolis (desambiguación) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leontopolis —    Greek name for the Egyptian Ta remu, modern Tell el Muqdam in the Delta 50 miles north of Cairo. Capital of the 11th nome of Lower Egypt. The principal deity was the lion god Mahes. The remains date from the Middle Kingdom to the Graeco Roman… …   Ancient Egypt

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